Electric guitars are the popular choice for most rock artists, but almost every guitarist also owns an acoustic. They differ in the way that you play them. Acoustic guitars are often more geared towards strumming all of the strings, and give much more of a rhythmic feel to the music whereas electric guitars are known for the more fancy soloing and palm muting sounds. Each guitar has its own place.
Acoustic Guitar Music
Acoustic guitar songs usually have more of a "chorded" structure to them here you play a progression of different guitar chords in sequence. Other songs are made using a style of playing called finger picking. This technique is very much less common on an electric due to the sustain and sound qualities. The Acoustic guitar is well-suited for this type of playing because of its more mellow, short sustained sound that it has. It Also includes more bass tones naturally because of the resonance of the wood, so finger picking songs sound better using it. Most guitar songs that are acoustic are played as a single part.
Electric Guitar Music
Electric guitar music can include playing single notes, one after the other, or playing anywhere from two to all six of the strings simultaneously. Many electric guitar songs will have two parts. One will perform the task of playing a rhythm type progression on one guitar, and the other one called the "Lead Guitarist" will fill in the details of the melody with single notes, other matching chords, and even solos. 9/10 times, the electric guitar is played using a pick, contrary to the way an acoustic can often be played- using just the fingers. Electric guitars offer many more different techniques in comparison to the acoustic. Many things that can be played on an electric sound much better because they are played on it. Things such as pull-offs, palm-muting, and hammer-ons sound much better on electric guitars due to their much longer sustain. These techniques just don't have the same effect if you try to play them on an acoustic.
Difference In Feel
Playing the acoustic guitar feels much different compared to playing an electric guitar. Especially for the hand that does the fret work. Usually, acoustic guitars have a heavier gauge of strings on them and more action, causing the guitarist to have to push harder down on the fret to play a clean note. Action refers to the height of the string off of the neck. Also, when you play an acoustic guitar, you can feel more of the tone of the guitar physically on your body as it is up against you. Most of the sound energy of an electric guitar is meant to be routed into the pickups on it, so there is no need for air space inside the wood structure of the guitar, and much less sound is heard without a guitar amplifier connected to it.
Many times the neck size of an acoustic guitar is much larger than an electric, especially near the first fret. also, the back of the neck is usually less concave than electric guitar necks. This makes the acoustic guitar a little trickier to play because you must be able to stretch further in comparison to the electric guitar neck.
Learning - Which Guitar To Use
If you want to learn how to play the guitar, it does not really matter which type you learn how to play on. They both operate on the same principles, use the same notes and get the message across. It sometimes benefits you to learn on an acoustic though because it is a bit harder to play, and then it will be easier to transition to an electric after, when you already know what you are doing. Then you can add to your list of techniques using the electric.
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